International Journal of Dental and Medical Specialty
Title:
Editor Desk’s: Inaugural of International Journal of Dental and Medical Specialty
Abstract:
It is with great pleasure that we are pioneering the maiden issue of International Journal of Dental and Medical Specialty (IJDMS), a new specialty oriented and blind peer-reviewed professional journal to the national as well as the international community of practicing physicians and research scholars both in dental as well as various medical specialties. IJDMS has been created to become a journal of choice for excellent student, as well as faculty-led research work.
Title:
A Comparative Study on the Effect of Vernonia amygdalina (Bitter Leaf ) and Glibenclamide in the (Bitter Leaf ) and Glibenclamide in the Treatment of Diabetes in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Treatment
Abstract:
Aims: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of bitter leaf (Vernonia Amygdalina) and glibenclamide in the treatment of diabetes in Alloxan-induced diabetic albino wistar rats. Materials and Methods: A total of 24 adult albino rats were used for the study. The rats were grouped into three groups of eight animals per group. Group A received 0.5 ml of distilled water and served as the control. Group B received 10 mg/kg/body weight of glibenclamide. Group C received 100 mg/kg/ body weight of bitter leaf extract. Effect of bitter leaf and glibenclamide were observed at every 2 days for up to 2 weeks. Results: The result showed that the extract caused a decrease in blood glucose level on the fourth day, but this was not statistically significant. Also, glibenclamide caused a decrease in the blood glucose level on the third day; this decrease was not statistically significant but slightly significant on the fourth day. On the sixth day, the extract caused a slightly significant decrease but when compared with the sixth day of glibenclamide, the decrease was very significant. From the eight-day to the fourteenth day, the decrease in the blood glucose levels for group B and C became very significant. However, group C (glibenclamide) showed highly significant decrease when compared with group B (extract). Glibenclamide showed significant (p<0.05 or p<0.01) decrease in mean blood glucose level from day 8 to till end (day 14) as compared to bitter leaf extract. Conclusion: The work suggests that Conclusion: The work suggests that glibenclamide has a more potent hypoglycemic effect in alloxan-induced diabetic wistar rats when compared with the extract and may be more effective in the treatment of diabetics.
Title:
Improvement of Mandibular Bone Mass in Postmenopausal Osteoporotic Patients with the Treatment of Zoledronic Acid
Abstract:
 
Aim: The aim of this study was to see the improvement of mandibular bone mass (MABM) in postmenopausal osteoporotic patients treated with bisphosphonate (zoledronic acid). Materials and Methods: A total of 150 postmenopausal osteoporotic patients were divided into two groups under the condition of treated and non-treated. All patients had been evaluated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, radiovesiography. Result: Pixel intensity value of mandibular alveolar bone was significantly different between osteoporosis and treated osteoporosis group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: There are significant improvements of MABM in postmenopausal osteoporotic patient treated with zoledronic acid.
Title:
Facial Talon’s Cusp: A Reverse Claw and Rare Dental Anomaly
Abstract:

Facial talon cusp (Dens evaginatus) is a very rare developmental anomaly of unclear etiology and significance can also be seen associated with some syndromes. Here the present report describes a 10-year-old female with facial talon cusp on mandibular permanent right central incisors. This rare anomaly requires careful dental and physical examination of the affected patient since its finding can be of clinical and genetic significance.

Category - Case Report
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Title:
Facial Palsy Secondary to Partial Parotidectomy: A Rare Case Report
Abstract:
Unilateral facial nerve palsy is the most-common neurologic disorder mimicking as stroke. It accounts for around 25/100,000 populations. Bell’s palsy is also known as idiopathic facial paralysis, and it is the most common cause of unilateral facial paralysis, accounting for approximately 70% of these cases. Herewith, the present paper reports a rare case of facial palsy secondary to radical mastoidectomy with partial parotidectomy in a 55-year-old female patient.
Category - Review Article
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Title:
Cone Beam Computed Tomography: A Diagnostic Boon in Dentistry
Abstract:

Cone beam computed tomography is a three-dimensional imaging modality and more accurate when compared to digital radiographs. The recent advancement in this technology has reduced the cost as well as the dose to the patients. The advanced software design and powerful computer system have permitted its use in dentistry. Its varied indications in practically all the branches of dentistry have made this progress all the more versatile. Through this review, we have tried to highlight the basis of this technology, its advantages and applications, wherefore proving it to have an edge over the others.

Category - Review Article
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Title:
Mishaps and Errors in Surgery: A New Chapter (Review)
Abstract:
Health providers either a physician or specialized surgeon make mistakes. They may do errors in procedure, interpretation, ignorance or indeed, seldom, and recklessness. Although in every event, a patient may suffer each time whenever a mistake happens. Despite of that event, every point an error transpires, a case may feel. One fails to uphold one profession’s rudimentary oath: “First, do no harm.” At the cessation be forced to decide to gather all the errors and mistakes made by a dental surgeon or a medical professional and aimed to script it. In this reader, surgeons, health providers and medical professionals can obtain a panel of delegates and article proceeding with the approach of studying from errors moreover should not execute it again and again.
Category - Review Article
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Title:
Osseous Choristoma of the Oral Cavity: A Rare Osseous Choristoma of the Oral Cavity: A Rare Entity Review
Abstract:
Osseous choristoma being a benign lesion is an entity rarely seen in the oral cavity. These are usually, well-circumscribed proliferations of histologically normal tissue found in abnormal locations. They are usually composed of compact bone with harvesian systems. The etiology is considered to be developmental malformation or reactive. The most common site being the tongue and other sites being buccal mucosa as well. Through this article, we have tried to highlight various features that would aid in correct diagnosis and treatment planning of this rare lesion.