International Journal of Dental and Medical Specialty
Category - Editorial
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Title:
Motivational Oncology: New Era - Quality of Life
Abstract:
We are now in the world of the 21st century, full of digital equipment’s, connectivity, social networking, and next face are cancer from which we cannot turn our face. Whenever a person is diagnosed either clinically or provisionally as cancer, what the patient needs the most is motivation for: • Life, prognosis, etc. • Positive thought • For sure a smile • Motivation on esthetic.
Category - Original Article
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Title:
Dental Perspective on Biomedical Waste and Management, a Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Survey: A Cross-sectional Study
Abstract:
Background: The biomedical waste is known as the second dangerous waste in the world that needs to be properly managed. Since the implementation of the Biomedical Waste Management Rules 1998, every concerned health personnel is expected to have proper knowledge, practice, and capacity to guide others for waste collection and management, and proper handling techniques. Objective: This study was planned to evaluate the practical calibration and awareness of dental surgeons in the disposal of hazardous biomedical
waste generated during dental treatment into color-coded disposing bags at a dental clinic. Materials and Methods: A crosssectional, a pretested, semi-structured, and questionnaire-based survey contain 53 questions to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice on biomedical waste management among dental surgeons. Results were expressed as a number and percentage of respondents for each question, and Chi-square test was performed for inferential statistical analysis with P = 0.05 indicating level of significance. Results: Results show that a large percentage of the dentist was not aware of the process of biomedical waste management (89%), whereas about half of the subjects were moderate to slightly aware about the recycling/reusing of dental materials. Conclusion: The study revealed that knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding biomedical waste management were low. Periodical sensitization and training program should be conducted for health care providers.
Category - Original Article
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Title:
Comparison of Conventional 2.0 mm Non-Locking and Locking Miniplates in Management of Fracture Mandible
Abstract:
Aim: This study aims to compare post-operative evaluation of locking and non-locking miniplates in mandibular fractures. Materials and Methods: The study consisted sample size of 40 patients non-comminuted fractures (40 fracture sites) were divided randomly but equally (single-blind control trial study) into two equal groups. Each group contains 20 patients (20 similar fracture sites in each group). Group 1 was treated with open reduction and internal fixation using 2.0 mm non-locking miniplates. Group 2 was treated using locking 2 mm miniplates. Results: Of 20 patients treated by conventional 2 mm miniplates, no any patients developed occlusal discrepancy, but one had post-operative mobility at fracture site, and one developed plate failure and subsequent infection, which was treated by removal of the plate under antibiotic coverage. One patient treated by three-dimensional plates had tooth damage. Conclusion: Based on the results of this original research concluded that the treatment of various mandibular fractures (parasymphysis, symphysis, and angle) with 2.0 mm locking plates provided three-dimensional stability, more stable configuration with lower meant element stresses and thus showed zero morbidity and was not associated with any major complications. The only probable limitations of locking plates were excessive implant material due to the extra vertical bars incorporated for countering the torque forces.
Category - Review Article
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Title:
High-speed Dental Tools in Dentistry - A Review
Abstract:
A clinical expertise behind the use of sharp hand and rotary instruments requires ability and coordination gained only through extensive training. For the performance of detailed dental procedures, the clinician must possess adequate knowledge behind the application of dental instruments. During clinical practice, the dentist operates on oral tissues within the oral cavity where even 1 mm discrepancy is crucial behind success and failure. The present article reviews the role of highspeed instruments used in division of fixed prosthodontics and their regulatory mechanisms.
Category - Case Report
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Title:
All In a Day’s Work: “Perils of Unlicensed Health care in Surgery”
Abstract:
“First do no harm” (Latin: Primum non nocere) is the founding principle of the practice of medicine. This principle takes a lot of discipline and learning to achieve. Medical training and specialist training in medicine are time-consuming tedious and not meant for everyone to achieve. The value of human life and suffering can never be overemphasized. We are highlighting the bare basic facts of the state of affairs in the current day Indian settings of unlicensed health care providers rampant in rural India. This paper present view point by discussing few case reports for practising surgeons and physicians to understand and critically evaluate on modern practice and patient care.