International Journal of Dental and Medical Specialty
Category - Editorial
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Title:
Editorial
Abstract:

Social media and technologies are a networking computer mediated technology that allows people and other organizations to share, create or exchange information, literature, researchers, videos/blogs, and ideas in virtual communities. Nowadays social media is so active that it has reached every hand in the form of mobiles, laptops, tablets, and televisions, and of course newspaper. Nowdays, health care professionals are also connected worldwide through this via WhatsApp, Twitter, Tumblr, Instagram, journals, literature, and magazines, etc. The use of social media is not only limited to reading and publishing, but now it is also employed in surgeries with the help of computers, cameras, and unit of telepresence from a remote location.

Category - Guest Editorial
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Title:
Let’s Talk about Surgery – The Periodontal and Gingival Surgery- Guest Editorial
Abstract:

Today dentistry is not only about extracting and restoration of the decayed tooth but very excellently developing branches in health sciences with numerous specialities and researches going on in various colleges, universities, and research institutions. Out of various branches, one of a branch of dentistry is periodontics: The branch which deals with your smile, preserving your teeth, providing strength to gums and periodontium, and protection of primary structure of your teeth  -   The periodontium and the gingiva. Today the periodontics is not only limited to complete oral mouth prophylaxis, but it has also exceeded to do the surgeries such as soft tissue surgeries and osseous surgeries.

Category - Original Article
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Title:
Morphological (Length, Depth, and Diameter) Study of Sella Turcica in Different Mandibular Growth Patterns in Indians
Abstract:

This study aims to analyze the morphological dimensions of sella turcica to determine if differences exist due to gender, age or in subjects with different skeletal patterns. Methods: A  total of 100  (43  males and 57  females) sella turcica cephalometric radiograph was traced. Linear dimensions of sella turcica (length, depth, and diameter [in mm]) were measured and skeletal shape/type (normal, bridging, double contour, oblique, irregular, and pyramidal) was assessed. A  Student’s t-test was used to calculate the mean differences in linear dimensions of sella turcica between males and females and between different age groups, skeletal types. A  Chi-square test was used to test the interrelationship of gender, age and skeletal types with the shape of sella turcica. Results: In low angle group subjects, 80% of the subjects had normal sella and 20% of the subjects had variations in morphology and in high angle group subjects, 76% of the subjects had a normal sella, and 24% of the subjects had variations in the morphology. Conclusions: The shape of the sella turcica was normal in 78% of the subjects, and there was a significant difference in length between high and low angle subjects, where the length of sella was larger in the low angle subjects and the distribution of shape of sella turcica was found to be significantly different among both high and low angle types.

Category - Review Article
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Title:
Resin-modified Glass Ionomer Cement and its Use in Orthodontics - Concept Old is Gold: View Point
Abstract:

Developed in 1992 and ADA specification number-92, glass ionomer cement (GIC) (silicate glass powder and an aqueous solution of polyacrylic acid) is widely used as restorative material in conservative dentistry for luting, for restoration (esthetic and reinforced), orthodontic treatment, cavity base, and buildups. While the modified resin GIC, the simplest form of GI cement which contains a small quantity of a water-soluble and polymerized resin component is widely used restorative material and in orthodontic practice also known as traditional GIC. Due to lack of moisture sensitivity, low mechanical strength, and impaired translucency in 1988, resin-modified GI (RMGI) cement were introduced by adding polymerizable hydrophilic resin to CGI (Conventional GI) formulations. Its adhesive nature of getting adhere to both enamel and dentin makes it more attractive to use in orthodontic and in various other branches of dentistry. Orthodontic usage of GIC increased dramatically with the development of resin-modified GIC. These are adhesive cement with improved physical properties and more stable hydrogels compared with GIC. This article critiques the literature to evaluate the cement for its credibility as orthodontic cement, both regarding varied applications as well as physical properties attributed when compared to other commonly used cement available for applications in orthodontic.

Category - Review Article
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Title:
Biological Width: The Periodontal Restorative Interlink: Short Discussion
Abstract:

Biological width is the natural distance (combine heights) between the base of the healthy gingival sulcus OR epithelial attachment to the tooth and the height of the alveolar bone or connective tissue. For better description of relationship between the periodontal tissues and conservative procedures is to restore form, function, esthetics, and comfort for the dentition. Most of the dentists are aware of biological width, its maintenance and its importance during application of crown lengthening. Relevant publications regarding biologic width, its violation and management were identified up to August 2011 using manual and electronic database search in Medline, Embase, Directory of Open Access Journals, and Google Scholar.

Category - Review Article
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Title:
Desquamative Gingivitis, Oxidative Stress, and 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG/8-OxodG): Role and Significance: A Review
Abstract:

Desquamative gingivitis is an oral inflammatory disease that leads to tissue damage. Medical and dental research has been largely remains focused on an individual factor in desquamative gingivitis, for example, microbes or host. Nowadays, good clinical outcomes are obtained in gingival disease control, but effective management of desquamative gingivitis is still critical. The oxidative DNA damages may play an important part in pathogenesis of many chronic conditions including gingival conditions. Oxidative stress can result in DNA damage, including the oxidation of nucleoside. 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine is an oxidized stress derivative DNA damage of deoxyguanosine and is one of the major products of DNA oxidation. This review has largely focused on the role of reactive oxygen species in desquamative gingivitis; oxidative species play important roles in the development of much pathology.