Agro Economist- An International Journal
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Forecasting Maize Production in India using ARIMA Model
Abstract:

Forecasting is an important tool to estimate the area, production and productivity of any crop in near future. There are several methods available for foresting the future figures and autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) is one of them. Maize is an important cereal of India, keeping in view its importance for rainfed areas of the country and diverse uses. The present study was conducted to forecast maize production for the year 2018 to 2022 based on the estimation of suitable ARIMA model. The analysis of ACF & PACF of differenced series revealed that ARIMA (2,1,0) was the most suitable model for forecasting based on the diagnostics, such as ACF, PACF, AIC, SBC etc. The selected ARIMA model predicted an increase of 13.76 percent increase in maize production in next five years w.e.f. 2017 to 2022.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Economics of Integrated Plant Nutrient System (IPNS) in Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) Under Dry Temperate Region of Himachal Pradesh
Abstract:

Integrated Plant Nutrition System (IPNS) is a system of planning and management of plant nutrients through crop rotations for enhanced productivity, profitability and sustainability. A field experiment to evaluate the effect of five organic sources of plant nutrients along with three fertility levels on productivity and economics of tomato was conducted during kharif seasons of 2006 and 2007 at HAREC, Kukumseri (L&S). Application of FYM @ 2.5 t/ha in combination with PSB has produced significantly taller plants with higher values of yield contributing characters viz. number of branches per plant, number of fruits per plant, fruit weight, fruit weight per plant and fruit diameter, reflected in getting significantly highest tomato yield (700.9 q/ha), productivity (3.84 q/ha/day) and economic efficiency (` 1549.4/ha/day), which was followed by FYM 5 t/ha for all these characters. With increasing the dose of NPK by 50% over recommended i.e. 150% NPK, the yield contributing attributes were significantly improved, contributing in producing significantly highest tomato yield (767.4 q/ha) and productivity 4.21 q/ha/day with the best economic efficiency of ` 1721.5/ha/day. Increasing 50% NPK beyond recommended resulted in 5.33% higher yield of tomato crop.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Socio-Economic Analysis of Apple Beneficiaries in Kashmir Valley
Abstract:

This present study attempts to examine apple production system of the Kashmir valley of J&K state. High growth and low instability in apple production is an ideal condition for achieving sustainable agricultural performance in the state. There is a growing concern that with technological change in production, variability has increased. Since the magnitude of growth and instability in production has serious implications for policy makers, the period-wise growth and level of instability in area, production and yield of apple in the Baramulla district of Kashmir region were estimated by using time series data from 2001-02 to 2014-15. The relative peace in the state has made it possible for farmers to focus on improving their livelihoods. The apple sector has the potential to influence several households and improve their economic prospects. New market players have to be invited in, resources found for investments, change in policy and support systems from the government and building capacities in individuals and institutions for effective and remunerative participation in the value chain.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Eco-labelling of Products in Context to Aquaculture
Abstract:

Ecolabelling of food and animal products is the need of the hour, keeping in view the importance of environmental pollution and sustainability issues attached to agricultural sector. Whereas the developed countries are making their farm sector equipped with latest technical know-how to make their products acceptable at world market with fulfilment of all the norms laid down under World Trade Organisation (WTO), the developing and underdeveloped countries, on the other hand, are not able to match the regulations require to offer the products at international level. The present paper is an attempt to analyse the issues involved in eco-labelling of aquaculture products in India. It can be summarised that there are serious efforts require to be implemented in order to adhere to the stringent norms required for eco-labelling in aquaculture products.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Performance of Var. BR-104 of Rajmash (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Temperate Areas of Poonch District of J&K
Abstract:

The temperate areas of Poonch district are popular for growing rajmash, as intercrop with maize. The traditional rajmash variety (local loran) has a yield potential of 4 quintals per hectare in mixed cropping. However, there is a promising variety (BR-104) which has a yield potential of 6.0 quintals per hectare in mixed cropping. Moreover, this variety has typical aroma and taste and is preferred for consumption by the people of J&K. The trials of variety BR-104, were therefore conducted which recorded an average yield of 3.60 q/ha with benefit-cost ratio of 2.64, as compared to local check of just 2.34.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Dynamics of Urbanization in Fringe-Villages and Related Consequences - Analysis of Sub-national Primary Survey
Abstract:

As India is primarily an agrarian economy; the impact of urbanization on fringe villages has a novel connotation. In fact, over the year’s urbanization in India has impacted both rural economy and agricultural cropping pattern significantly, creating a peripheral melting pot of transfusion of urban characteristics across fringe villages, setting the process of de-villagisation. Against this backdrop, the study has tried to explore the impact of urbanization on agriculture and rural economy through field surveys and personal interviews in the select fringe villages. The study finds that in the surveyed fringe villages, urbanization spill-over is bringing transformation in the agricultural production pattern away from traditional foodgrains (Rice, Wheat, etc.) towards high-value agricultural commodities (HVCs) and allied activities. Significantly, on an average, almost 32 per cent of crops in the fringe villages near cities were found to be devoted to vegetable production as compared to a meagre 2.8 per cent at the National Level. Further, 13 per cent of cropping in fringe villages was found to be devoted towards fruits (against the national average of 1.3 per cent). It was found that escalated prices of land holdings near the fringe villages are affecting the pace of adoption of high value agricultural activities creating a predicament of whether to sell the land to private parties; wait for worthy acquisition by Government or its agencies or invest in high value farming which have their own risk (like perishability, lack of infrastructure support for storage, marketing, etc.). The momentum of urbanization and its inter-linkage with villages (especially fringe villages) will decide pace of de-villagisation in rural economy. If the emerging trend is not counterbalanced by faster adoption of agricultural infrastructure to remote villages and requisite restriction is not placed on unauthorized construction near fringe villages, an unabated de-villagisation will continue to harm overall balance of rural economy.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Sources and Effects of Stress among Agricultural University Students
Abstract:

Stress is the physical response of body to a situation where the normal working condition of a person is reduced due to factors such as excess of work, personal life imbalance etc. Under stress, body thinks it is under attack and a complex mix of hormones such as adrenaline, cortisol, etc is released. Thus, stress is an irritating condition. Everyone feels stress from time to time and students, due to their busy schedule, face it the most. University brings a new phase of life to students; it is full of life, enjoyment and zest. But at the same time it brings stress which may be due to different reasons such as heavy work load, academic life of students. In university students face different challenges which they have never seen before thus adding stress and tension to their life such as project completion, deadlines, etc. Apart from the academic life students face stress from other factors also, such as some are not satisfied with their physical appearance such as hair colour, skin colour, height,etc which creates a tense situation in their head leading to stress. Family can be considered as one factor of stress to the students as families with consistent fights have a bad impact on the children. Relationships of students are never too stable, thus lead to stress and even depression. Society is also responsible for stress outbreak in university students. Thus the stress in students cannot be tied to a single factor; it is actually a combination of various situations and factors. Hence, students should be trained with various stress management techniques and stress handling ways so that the stress is reduced to minimum.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Customer Perception towards Organised and Unorganised Food Retailers in Jammu
Abstract:

The study was conducted in Jammu city covering Jammu region for analyzing customer perception in which four retail outlets were selected through purposive sampling. The information from various retail outlets was collected with the help of structured questionnaire and the data was analyzed by using factor analysis approach for reducing data complexity by reducing the number of variables being studied. The result revealed that perception of consumers towards unorganized food retail outlets appears to be high then organized retail outlets with respect to Ambience having f-value as 0.09 and t value as 3.57, so there is a significant difference between the perception of consumer towards organized and unorganized retail outlets. The results also showed that perception of consumers towards organized food retail outlets appears to be high then unorganized retail outlets with respect to Visibility having f and t value as 0.01& 0.14 so there is a significant difference between the perception of consumer towards organized and unorganized retail outlets. The study also depicted and showed f & t value calculated as 0.01 4.50 in respect to availability and 0.08 & 5 in respect to delivery and variety respectively.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Assessing the Fertilizer Efficiency in Paddy Production
Abstract:

The injudicious use of chemical fertilizers in field crops has posed a great amount of threat to the environment, besides lowering the profit from agriculture. There is a need to assess the fertilizer efficiency in specific crops to optimize their use for greater profitability and achieving sustainability. Therefore, the present study was conducted to analyze the trend and pattern of chemical fertilizer consumption in production of paddy crop on the farmer’s field during 1993-94 to 2016-17. It was found that there is an increasing trend in consumption of fertilizer quantity and consumption of fertilizer (Nitrogenous and phosphorous) remain the same over 20 years in the study area. Although, yield of paddy per unit of area is increasing but the farmers are operating in third phase of production.