Agro Economist- An International Journal
Category - Research Article
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Title:
An Overview of Fisheries and Aquaculture in India
Abstract:

Fisheries play an important role in the world economy and food for million. All over the world, more than 30 million fishers and fish farmers and their families gain their livelihoods from fisheries. Globally, fish provide about 16 per cent of the animal protein consumed by humans, and are a valuable source of minerals and essential fatty acids. Although, wild fishery resources are in practice finite for production purposes. If they are overexploited, production declines and may even collapse. What made possible the continuing rise in overall fish production is the rapid growth of aquaculture. Global fish production has grown steadily in the last five decades with food fish supply increasing at an average annual rate of 3.2 per cent, outpacing world population growth at 1.6 per cent. Capture fisheries and aquaculture supplied the world with about 158.0 million tonnes of fish in 2012 of which 91.3 million tonnes was from capture fishery and 66.6 million tonnes from aquaculture. In the same year, total production of India was 8.66 million tonnes which included 3.372 million tonnes from capture fishery and 5.294 million tonnes from aquaculture and noticed increase at an annual rate of 5.2 percent in compare to population growth rate at 1.3%.India’s export earnings increased rapidly and almost doubled within 6 years i.e. 8363.52 crores in 2006-07 to 16597.23 crores in 2011-12. In this study, statistical analysis of fish production was done against the world to estimate its growth in compare to world.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Assessing the Role of Farm Women in Agriculture: A Case Study of Jammu District of J&K State
Abstract:

In India, the typical work of the female agricultural labourer or cultivator is limited to less skilled jobs, such as sowing, transplanting, weeding and harvesting, that often fit well within the framework of domestic life and child-rearing. The nature and extent of women’s involvement in agriculture, no doubt, varies greatly from region to region. A study has been conducted in R.S. Pura block of Jammu district with an aim to know the role and extent of women involvement in decision making in agriculture and constraints they faced while performing the agriculture activities. A sample of 50 women farmers selected from the two villages namely Raipur and Badyalbrahmna of R.S Pura and was interviewed. The results of the study revealed that most of the respondents (64%) get up early in the morning to perform the dual responsibility of domestic work and outside in the fields. About 56% of the respondents work for 5-7 hours and more in the farm activities and stated that agriculture is their primary occupation. An average of 89% of women takes part in almost every agriculture activities from seed cleaning to harvesting and post harvesting of produce. Regarding decision, only 14% provide input in almost every productive decision related to farms. About 90% of women don’t have autonomy in any productive decisions, 96% of the respondents don’t own land or any other assets. Majority (88%) of respondents do not purchase or sale of any other assets. Majority (84%) of the respondents felt that they find difficulty in carrying out farm operations. About (75%) women told that their main problem is related to health like headache, backache, fatigue and restlessness. 74% responded that their social life is disturbed due to heavy work both in farms and domestic work and they are not able to go often to their friends and relatives. About 64% of the women not enjoying agriculture work and find it very hectic and need some type of women friendly equipments.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Assessment of Marketable and Marketed Surplus of Rice in Relation to Farm Size
Abstract:

The significance of Rice is due to its multiple uses. Rice is primarily a high energy or calorie food and it contains usually 6-7 per cent protein. To meet the demand of increasing population and maintain the self-sufficiency, the present Rice production level of around 89 million tones, needs to be increased up to 120 million tonnes by the year 2020. U.P. has attained prominent position in Paddy area and production among the Indian states. In the agricultural economy of the district Etah, Paddy plays a remarkably important role. For conducting the research work, a three stage random sampling technique was adopted for selection of block, villages and paddy growers. The analysis showed that the percentage of the produce retained with the farmer reduced with the increase in the farm size. On overall, the percentage of total produce retained with farmer was 22.78 per cent of total paddy production. The percentage of quantity for family consumption was also reduced with increase in farm size. The quantity of marketable surplus both in absolute and percentage term increased with increase in the farm size. However, the quantity of marketed surplus increased in the absolute terms but reduced in percentage term with the increase in farm size.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
India and Afghanistan: An Overview of their Economic Relations
Abstract:

International relations include exchange transactions, contracts, flow of information and resulting behavioral responses between and among separate organized societies. After disintegration USSR in December 1991, lot of changes has happened in the international relations. The concept of regional cooperation in the field of economic in the third world countries has assumed greater importance. After the end of cold war India and Afghanistan have established a strong relationship and is significant landmark event for their implications for Indo – Afghan relations as well as it is a new dimension in economic relations to enable both nations to integrate more effectively with the Indian economy and other economics in South Asian countries. Such alliance not only helps securing Afghanistan that can also boosts economic and trade cooperation among countries in the region. This paper highlights some of the important aspects related to international relation between Afghanistan and India such as economic and developmental relations.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Socio-Economic Analysis of Goat Rearing Farmers in Mahoba District of Bundelkhand
Abstract:
It is unfortunate that, Indian farmers are dying from hunger and malnutrition even though Indian economy based on agriculture. Out of other remedies goat rearing is a way to fight from poverty and providing nutrition to small and marginal farmers. A study was made to assess competitive advantage of rearing goat in the district of Mahoba between small marginal and large farmers. The aim of this study was to find out the socio-economic characteristics and economics of goat keepers in mahoba of Bundelkhand. The study was carried out in mahoba district during 2012. 45 per cent of respondents had average family size of 3 to5 persons, 35 per cent respondents had average family size of 1 to 3 persons and 20 per cent had family size of 5 to 10 persons. 33 per cent and 24 per cent respectively had intermediate and high school level of education. 8 per cent respondents were illiterate. Agriculture was the main occupation and so as the source of income too. Most of the farmers had more than fifteen years of farming experience. The socio-economic characteristics of the respondents were found to be significantly related to dairy management practices. The capital investment per goat was highest on large farms (` 772.01/year), followed by marginal farms (` 763.17/year) and small goat keepers (` 733.36/year). The margin of profit on large farms was highest. The overall return over cost A (paid out expenses and depreciation) was ` 3186.21, over cost B (cost A + interest on fixed capital) was ` 3093.65 and over cost C (cost B + input value of family labour) was ` 1635.32.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Socio-economic Profile of Rice Growers in Jammu District of J&K State
Abstract:

The socio-economic profile of rice farmers in two randomly selected blocks namely R.S. Pura and Marh of Jammu district was studied. A total number of 240 farmers were selected randomly and were surveyed through structured schedule by personal interview method. The data indicated that majority of the respondents belongs to 45 years of age, had poor social participation and had education up to middle standard. Further, the majority of famers belong to marginal category having land holding below one hectare.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Economic analysis of scientific sorghum fodder production technology and its comparative impact on farmers’ livelihood
Abstract:

Sorghum is a warm-season annual that is used for silage production and fed to dairy cattle in many regions of the India. The economics of sorghum fodder crop (cv. JHO -822) production under the farmer’s fields was analysed for the period of kharif 2011-12 to kharif 2012-13 in Datia, M.P. A total of 12 farmers were taken during kharif 2011 and 9 farmers were guided about the scientific fodder production practices. At the same time, 6 farmers were selected in 2011 and 5 in 2012 that were growing local seed of sorghum and adopting traditional methods of fodder production. The total working capital is ` 14907.03 per hectare and total variable cost is ` 15354.24 which is 67.53 per cent of total cost. The average total cost is found as ` 22738.20 per hectare. Thus the highest expenditure in percentage term is incurred on labour followed by manures and seed cost and draft power. On per hectare basis the average fodder production was 523.89 quintals. The average rate of green fodder is taken as ` 100 per quintal. It is the rate at which the farmers sell their green fodder in the market. The total value of green fodder that is total return is found as ` 52388. The net return is ` 29650.68 per hectare. The average benefit cost ratio at farm only is found as 2.31. Impact of sorghum fodder (MP Chari) crop was studied in relation to the existing fodder crop of sorghum grown by the farmers in Datia (M.P.). The green fodder yield was 13.03 per cent higher and the gross return is also increased by 13.03 per cent over the traditional practice.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Impact of Kisan Credit Card (KCC) Scheme on Input Use: An Economic Analysis of Non-Basmati Rice Crop
Abstract:

The Kisan Credit Card (KCC) scheme implemented for fulfilling the short term credit need of farmers was assessed for its impact on non-basmati rice production in R.S. Pura block of Jammu district. The primary data were collected by interviewing the Kisan credit Card holders as well as non-holders directly through pre-tested schedule. The farmers were categorised into small, medium and large farmers and economics of non-basmati rice crop was estimated. Two criteria were applied for assessing the impact of KCC scheme on non-basmati rice cultivation; firstly, a comparison was made between KCC and non-KCC holders and secondly, a comparison of data from same farms was made pre and post use credit drawn under KCC. The total cost of non-basmati rice cultivation was found to be higher in case of KCC beneficiaries by 5.78 per cent as compared to non-KCC beneficiaries. The productivity, net profit, farm business income, farm labour income of non-basmati rice was also higher in case of KCC beneficiaries by 7.97, 2.41, 1.95 and 3.10 per cent respectively as compared to non-KCC beneficiaries. The cost of all the inputs of non-basmati rice has shown significant difference between farms of KCC and non-KCC beneficiaries. The total cost of non-basmati rice, after drawing and using credit under KCC increased by 25.35 per cent whereas the productivity and net profit increased by 10.90 and 52.42 per cent respectively. The results indicate significant improvement in expenditure on input use, yield and profitability of non-basmati rice after use of credit under KCC scheme.