Agro Economist- An International Journal
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Diversified Farming System: The Answer to Achieve Triple Challenges of the Present day Indian Agriculture
Abstract:

The sustainability of conventional agriculture practice in India is under threat from the continuous degradation of land and water resources, and from declining yields due to indiscriminate use of agro-chemicals. Sustainable agriculture practice with less pressure on natural resources is necessary to achieve triple challenges of Indian agriculture, viz., sustainable productivity, nutritional security and poverty eradication. Diversified farming system (DFS) is one such option to achieve the triple challenges of agriculture. The results indicated that, DFS generated year round annual income with the benefit- cost ratio ranging from 2.93 to 4.23 with an annual employment generation of more than 400 man-days during the study period.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Sustaining Rice Farming in Kashmir Valley: Challenges and Opportunities
Abstract:

Rice productivity in the state is high with 3.1 t/ha compared with the national average productivity of about 2.0 t/ha, although with the passage of time the area under rice in Jammu & Kashmir state is continuously decreasing because of climatic and diversification forces. Food grain deficiency in the state has already touched to 40% and majorly in rice which is bound to grow in future. Despite of decreasing land area under paddy in the state, productivity trend is showing an upward trend which is due to the efforts of the Research & Development institutes for breeding of better seed varieties and other technological interventions. Economic viability and social acceptability apart from environmental acclimatization plays an important role for any crop to sustain. The aromatic local land races yielding lesser than the main varieties such as Jhelum and SR-1 were found to make higher net returns due to relatively higher prices for the grain/rice. A lot of scope exists for curtailing the costs on part of labour if mechanization can be introduced in paddy cultivation as it entails the major share (60%) of Cost. In order to sustain the viability of paddy framing and to compete with the imported rice, more emphasis needs to be given on better seeds through seed replacement; resource use efficiency for optimizing yields and reducing costs; bridging the yield gap through scientific and extension interventions.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Perception towards Influence of Climate Change on Human Health and Environment
Abstract:

Climate change has a number of immediate and long-term impacts. The threat of climate change at present increases from various interactions between environments, economic, social, religious and political systems. The living of the society can be badly affected directly or indirectly due to the climatic changes. Climate change causes storms and other form of extreme weather which effect agricultural production as well as human health. In this paper, a well-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information from a sample of 400 people selected randomly to get the Participants’ perception at small scale. The main aim of this paper was to understand the people’s perception of climate change and influence of climate change on human health and the environment in Central Kashmir of J&K State. The results of present study revealed from people’s perception that increase in temperature, unpredictable storms has direct influence on human health and the environment. Climate change and health were significantly related to each other. Majority of the respondents under study were aware of the climate change and its impacts on health and environment. However, the respondents were not aware of the technologies to be adopted under climate change scenario. The socio-economic profile had significant effect on people’s awareness regarding health have to be modified to handle with climate change impact.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Customer Satisfaction towards Branded Food Products
Abstract:

The present study was carried out to study the customer satisfaction towards branded food products using primary as well as secondary data. The FMCG sector has grown at an annual average of about 11 per cent over the last decade. The food industry of India is poised for huge growth, increasing its contribution to world food trade every year and food processing sector in India has received around US$ 7.54 billion worth of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) during the period April 2000-March 2017. The maximum respondents belonged to the income range of ` 10,000-20,000 with 21-30 years of age. Most of the consumers of selected food products were loyal to their brands, however, the price and availability of products remain the crucial factors in marketing of both the brands.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Economics and Impact of FLD on Broccoli Yield at Farmers Filed of Aizawl District Mizoram
Abstract:

The Present study was carried out by Krishi Vigyan Kendra in Aizawl district during Rabi season of 2016-17 and 2017-18. Frontline demonstrations were conducted on broccoli in 16 ha by the active participation of 30 farmers with the objective of expand improved technologies of broccoli. The improved technologies included use of introduction of high yielding variety Solan Green Head, Integrated nutrient with IIHR Arka Special, gravity type rain-port micro sprinkler system, mulching, weed management, integrated pest and disease management. The results of demonstration showed that farmers could increase the broccoli productivity notably by switching over to improved variety and adoption of good agriculture practices. The demonstrated recorded an average yield ranging from 15100– 16300 kg/ha with a mean of 15700 kg/ha. The per cent increase in demonstration yield over the farmers’ practice during 2016-17 and 2017-18 was 19.20% and 23.31% respectively. The extension gap was 3200- 3800 kg/ha, whereas the technology gap was 2900- 1700 kg/ha. The technology index was 16.11- 9.44% during the period under study. The demonstrated field gave higher mean gross return (` 471000 /ha) and mean net returns (` 347500 /ha) with average benefit cost ratio of 2.81 compared to benefit cost ratio of 2.44 under local checks. The results highlighted the fact that yield and economics of broccoli can be enhanced by the adoption of recommended technology.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Social Appraisal of Wular - Asia’s Biggest Fresh Water Lake
Abstract:
Kashmir valley universally known as paradise on earth, has been tantalizing the lovers of nature and tourists from far and wide. The Lake Wular freshwater ecosystem is located about 35 km North West of Srinagar and also harbours a rich biodiversity. Wular not only acts as a safety valve for the Kashmir valley against floods but is also a key factor in maintaining biodiversity, production of food, fodder and other commercially important wetland resources. The recent studies reveal that conversion of Wular Lake peripheral area into agricultural land, construction of houses for human settlement, plantation of some tree species and related developmental activities have endangered the existence of this freshwater body. In this paper, we discuss the importance of lakes in view of the ecology as well as tourism point of view. Finally, we report the present condition of Wular Lake and suggest ways of improving the quality of water and Wular lake environment.