Advances in Social Research
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Assessment of Adoption Pattern of Vegetable Growers of Doda District (J&K)
Abstract:
Agriculture is the backbone of India’s economic activity and our experience during the last 50 years has demonstrated the strong correlation between agricultural growth and economic prosperity. Due to advent of hybrid technology and general awareness of nutritional security among the people, vegetable production is getting the right momentum. The study was conducted in two blocks of Doda district of J&K namely, Assam and Bhaderwah. Three villages from each block were selected purposively. Twenty vegetable growers from each village were selected by random sampling technique and thus forming a total sample of 120 respondents. The result showed that the farmers from Assam were a bit more advanced than Bhaderwah block both in terms of knowledge level and adoption of improved practise of tomato and capsicum.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Evaluation of Training Workshop on Personality Development
Abstract:
Training is a short-term educational process utilizing a systematic and organized procedure by which employees learn technical knowledge and skills for a definite purpose. Training and development increases the employee performance and is an important activity to increase the performance of organization. Swami Keshwamand Rajasthan Agricultural University (SKRAU), Bikaner has made remarkable efforts and developmental plans to achieve specific objectives so that it can achieve rapid and systematic progress in all spheres of teaching, research and extension. For achievement of desired objectives, employees have to play crucial role in development of an organization through constant efforts. This study aims to determine what personality development training needs to deliver to help individuals and the organization accomplish their goals and objectives. This is an assessment that looks at different personality parameters of lecturers, motivation towards KPIs and willingness to learn new traits for personality enhancement. The workshop conducted by SKRAU has been highly successful in developing a positive approach in participants towards their profession and enhanced their personality and communication skills thus helping them in delivering the lecturers and seminars in efficient manner. Increased level of self-confidence has been noticed amongst participants as a result of this workshop. This type of workshop is highly recommendable for future as well for achievement of university goals.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Empowerment of Rural Women Through Self-Help Groups of Udaipur District
Abstract:
The study was conducted for empowerment of rural women through self-help groups with specific objective to study the empowerment of rural women through self-help groups. The study was conducted in Udaipur district of Rajasthan.Total 1123 groups were registered during year 2008-09 by different forming agencies. In which, 16 SHGs were selected from NABARD, 17 SHGs were selected from ICDS, 56 SHGs were selected from DRDA. Only 13 SHGs were selected from SAUs .Major findings of the study revealed that 93 percent agree on Participation in community Programme and only17 percent agreed on Decision making in community affairs. However 50 per cent women do agree that they  observed increase in self-confidence and self-esteem after becoming the member of self-help group.
Category - Review Article
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Title:
Development of Region Specific Horticulture based Integrated Farming System Models with Crop Diversification for Sustainable Livelihoods and Nutritional Security of Tribal of Sirohi District of Rajasthan: A Case Study
Abstract:
The study was conducted in two tribal dominated blocks i.e. Aburoad and Pindwara of district Sirohi during 2008-09 to 2012-13. The KVK developed region specific integrated farming system models with crop diversification for poverty alleviation, sustainable development in agriculture, generate on and off farm employment. Target group was tribals, who have very small land holding size with limited resources and marketing facility. Among different region specific integrated farming system models for 2.0 hectare arable land, the model 7 (Crop + cash crop + vegetable + fruit + flower production with retail marketing of fruit and vegetables) was more beneficial for the farmers than other models. Adaptor farmers earn highest net return (` 5.30 lakh year-1) with maximum B: C ratio (4.38) and generate more (1800 mandays year-1) employment opportunities at farmers field. Significant difference between non adaptors and adaptors respondents of modern agro-technologies and crop diversification was reported as adopters started earning up to ` 2.85 lakh annum-1, their working hours increased (375%), made pukka houses (38%), purchased utility items (83%), have good bank balance up to ` 10,000 (92%), provided good education to children (63%), purchased agricultural inputs (66%), increase interaction with extension workers (72%), purchased personal transport conveyance (53%), telephone or mobile facilities (87%), women participation in decision making (39%) and purchasing power significantly increased. Thus, adoption of region specific integrated farming system models with modern agro-technologies proved a milestone in tribals empowerment by providing sustainable financial and nutritional security.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Mushroom Production for Economic Empowerment of Rural Women in District Rama Bai Nagar, Kanpur
Abstract:
Women are almost fifty percent of the population and are being discriminated at all front. Entrepreneurship development is the only possible way to empower women. K.V.K, Daleep Nagar organized the training on mushroom production and Frontline demonstration was given to farm women in the block metha of district Ramabai Nagar. To assess the social acceptability a structured interview schedule was prepared and survey was carried out in 100 randomly selected farm women from Rudapur, Aurangabad of block metha. Economic viability of the mushroom production as the mushroom yield ranged from 60-80 kg/100 kg wheat straw and total income from 100 kg wheat straw ranged from Rs 6000-8000 with net profit of Rs 5300-7000 in three months. Sixty-one percent farm women socially accepted the mushroom production as an income generation activity.
Category - Review Article
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Title:
Need Assessment of Women Dairy Farmers
Abstract:
The present study was conducted in Hisar district of Haryana state. From Hisar district, two blocks Adampur and Hisar- I were selected randomly. From selected blocks, two villages, namely Siswal from Adampur and Dabra from Hisar-1 were selected by random technique. From each selected village, 50 women were selected randomly, thus making a total sample of 100 women. From selected villages, 20 women who were interested in training in dairy farming were selected purposively. Majority of the respondents belonged to middle age group, illiterate, married and belonged to joint family of medium family size. Eighty-four per cent respondents had no social participation and had small herd size. Most of the respondents (25%) had medium land holding and lived in pacca houses. Training need score was obtained highest for the task housing management of cattle shed (Mean-76.83 and rank-I), followed by animal health, watering, wallowing and bathing, breeding, post-parturition care, bedding, care and management of calves, feeding, marketing, farm management and accounting and milking and milk product preparation ranked from II to XI, respectively. Similarly, training need was high for animal health (ranked-II) but dairy farm women had high knowledge (74.1) and low difficulty (2.19). It was surprise to see that after computing frequency, importance, difficulty and knowledge of last ranks were given to farm management and accounting (X rank) and milking and milk product preparation (XI rank) but highest learning difficulty by dairy farm women was perceived for these components. It was also interesting to note that negligible percentage of respondents performed tasks of dairy farm management and accounting and marketing where money matters were involved.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Estimation of Demand and Supply Functions and Destination of Export of Basmati Rice from India
Abstract:
India possesses an immense wealth of Basmati and non-Basmati aromatic rice varieties exhibiting a wide variability in their grain quality and cooking characteristics. India is a major producer of basmati rice and accounts for almost 70% of the world production and nearly two-third of the country’s produce is exported. In the present study, estimation of demand and supply function of export of basmati rice along with destination wise pattern of export has been done on the basis of secondary data for the period of 2001-2011. Demand and supply functions were estimated by the simultaneous equation model: two stage least square method. Saudi Arabia and Italy were the leading importers of basmati rice from India during the last one decade. Export supply of Indian basmati rice was mainly on the basis of long-term contracts with the importing countries.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Economic Strengthening through Food Processing: A Study of Rajasthan Mission on Livelihood (RMoL)
Abstract:
The Rajasthan Mission on Livelihoods (RMoL) was initiated on 4th September, 2004 to upgrade the status of livelihood for poor and vulnerable people of the state. It emphasized on strengthening employability by developing skill in various entrepreneurial activities through skill trainings. The present study was conducted to find out the usefulness of Food processing training organized under RMoL and adoption of it as an enterprise by the women. The study was conducted in Udaipur district of Rajasthan. Directorate of Extension Education, MPUAT, Udaipur is one of the organization implementing activities of Rajasthan Mission on Livelihoods in the Udaipur district. A total twenty five women participant, who attended the training were selected for the study. Personal interview technique was used for collecting data. The findings show that the Food processing training was good and increased women’s knowledge, skill and efficiency in taking various processed items like macca, rice, maida, sago and suji papadi, chana and moong papad, badi, potato Chips, khakhare and farfar. Only five respondents out of twenty five had started enterprise on processed items. They
earned an average income of ` 18528 per year and utilized the income for fulfilling the requirement of their family. Thus the RMoL helped in creating gainful eployment for the rural people which enhanced their socio-economic status.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Constraints Encountered by the Beekeepers under National Horticulture Mission in Rajasthan, India
Abstract:
National Horticulture Mission was been launched in May, 2005 as a Central Sponsored Scheme to promote holistic growth of horticulture sector through area based regionally differentiated strategies. The role of beekeeping in providing nutritional, economic and ecological security to the rural communities at the household level is an additional income generating activity.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
A Study on Constraints Encountered by the Tribal Livestock Farmers in Southern Rajasthan
Abstract:
The study was conducted in Sirohi district of Southern Rajasthan, in order to identify the problems faced by the tribal farmers and to work out the relationship of problems with socio-economic and psychological traits of the respondents. The findings revealed that major problems faced by the tribal farmers were economic problem, less profit from domesticated animals, non-availability of green fodder, non-availability of superior male animal, harassment by the forest personnel in open grazing, lack of easy accesses to veterinarian, absence of scientific farming etc. The relational analysis revealed that occupational and family income from animal husbandry had positive and highly significant (P<0.01) influence on problems of livestock rearing. On the other hand, livestock unit showed negative and highly significant influence on problems of livestock rearing.