Advances in Social Research
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Evaluating the Performance of Co-operatives Societies in Jammu Division of Jammu and Kashmir
Abstract:

Co-operatives play active role in the provision of basic amenities and social services to boost the life of rural populace. In general co-operative societies are an appropriate avenue for rural development. Cooperative societies are much more important for the farmers of Jammu also. The number of cooperative societies in Jammu division increases from 597 in the year 1996-97 to 832 in the year 2012-13 with a membership of 2.42 lakhs in 2012-13. As far as the number of primary agricultural credit societies is concerned it increases from 366 in 1996-97 to 372 in 2012-13 which no doubt shows an increasing trend but of 1.64 per cent only. Amount of loans advanced from the agricultural credit societies to farmer increases from ` 1017.80 lakhs in 2002-03 to ` 1109.10 lakhs in 2009-10 with a frequent variation during the period. The number of cooperative marketing societies does not show much increase in the number but membership increases from 0.11 lakhs during the year 1996-97 to 0.14 lakhs during the year 2012-13. Maximum percentage change in marketing societies in owned funds with respect to previous year is observed in the year 2003-04. The working capital was found to be maximum (` 2226.30 lakhs) in 1996-97 but after that there was a sharp decline in it and it decreases to ` 533.23 lakhs in 2002-03. Fruit growers cooperative marketing societies are also functional in Jammu and numbers are increasing with the passage of time. Therefore the performance of cooperative societies is supposed to be evaluate and moreover these has shown not best but also not bad performance in the growth and development

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Income and Employment Generation under Existing Farming Systems in Chittorgarh District of Southern Rajasthan
Abstract:

Farming system approach introduces a change in farming techniques for higher production from the farm as a whole with the integration of all the enterprises like dairy, poultry, piggery, fishery, sericulture etc. suited to the given agro-climatic condition and socio –economic status of farmer would bring prosperity to the farmer. Rajasthan, the largest state of Indian union occupies nearly 10.4 per cent geographical area of the country. The present investigation was under taken to work out income and employment generation under existing farming systems in Chittorgarh district of Southern Rajasthan during 2012-13. A total sample of 60 household consisting of 30 under rainfed and 30 under irrigated situation was selected for the study. Four farming systems were existed in both the rainfed and irrigated areas of Chittorgarh district viz. FS-I: Crop + Vegetables (C + V), FS-II: Crop + Dairy (C + D), FS-III: Crop + Dairy + Goat (C + D + G), FS-IV: Crop + Poultry (C + PO) or Crop + Goat + Orchard (C + G + O). Maximum net income per farm in rainfed area was generated from FS-III (` 80146) it was minimum in FS-I (` 37515). Net income per hectare was maximum in FS-IV (` 138150). Per farm maximum employment generation was observed in FS-II (356.6 man-days) and the minimum in FS-IV (191.50 man-days). On per hectare basis the maximum employment was generated by FS-IV (383.50 man-days) and lowest in FS-I (217.15 man-days). Maximum net income per farm in irrigated area was generated from FS-I (` 162690) and it was minimum in FS-II (` 106820). The maximum net income per hectare was found in FS-IV (` 142165) and it was minimum in FS-II (` 89017). Employment generation per farm was maximum in FS-I (693.05 man-days) because of crops and vegetable activities and it was minimum in FS-II (593.05 man-days) while the employment generated per hectare was maximum (666.89 man-days) in FS-IV and it was minimum in FS-II (494.21 man-days). FS-IV generated maximum net income and employment per hectare due to goats and orchard activities

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Technological Innovations and Social inclusion in Agriculture Sector
Abstract:

Agriculture sector is the mainstay of the Indian economy around which socio-economic privileges and deprivation revolve, and any change in its structure is likely to have a corresponding impact on the existing pattern of social equality. The pace of adoption of modern technology in India is slow and the farming practices are too haphazard and unscientific. Some of the basic issues for development of Indian agriculture sector are revitalization of cooperative institutions, improving rural credits, research, human resource development, trade and export promotion, land reforms and education. Men and women can benefit simply from improvements to their wellbeing in terms of health, nutrition or income. But innovations can also sometimes lead to women’s empowerment, better household decision-making and new agents of change appearing in communities

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Impetus of ICT in Channelizing the Rural Development Work in India
Abstract:

Rural Development is related with economic growth and social justice, improvement in the living standard of the rural people by providing adequate and quality social services and minimum basic needs becomes essential. ICT is the new tool for rural development that eventually accessing the power of provide the information and communication within a no time. Information and Communication Technology, if used properly can be of great advantage for the development at grass root levels. At the same time challenge remains with the administration to capture the minds of the rural masses, mostly illiterate, to make them adapt the new technology which is completely alien to them. It bridge the gap between the government, administrator and people and thus eventually contribute for rural development.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Micro-finance through Self-help Group
Abstract:

In the development paradigm, micro-finance has evolved as a need-based programme for empowerment and alleviation of poverty which was so far considered as neglected target groups and micro finance has become one of the most effective interventions for economic empowerment of the poor. The experience across India and other countries has shown a robust potential of Micro finance to integrate with the development issues that significantly impact the lives of poor and downtrodden. Micro finance is a financial service of small quantity provided by financial institutions to the poor. These financial services may include savings, credit insurance, leasing, money transfer, equity transactions etc. that is any type of financial service provided to customers to meet their normal financial needs, economic opportunity and emergency. Micro finance programs are aimed to cater that segment of society which is poor and does not have access to financial services. In India micro finance has been promoted by linking self help groups of the poor with the banks either directly or through non-governmental organizations (NGO’s) in a big way. The scheme of Micro-finance has been found as an effective instrument for lifting the poor above the level of poverty by providing them increased self-employment opportunities and making them credit worthy. The Self-help groups (SHG) - bank linkage programme has emerged as the largest micro programme in the world. The SHG- Bank linkage programme in which SHGs are linked to banks in a gradual way- initially through savings and later through loan products is considered to be an effective strategy to ensure financing inclusion.