Advances in Social Research
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Standardization of Scale for Measuring Attitude of Rural Youth towards Poultry Farming
Abstract:

A scale for measuring the attitude of the rural youth towards poultry enterprise was developed using Likert’s method of summated rating. The initially selected 49 items were subjected to the procedure as suggested by Likert. Finally t-values of the individual items were calculated. Only those items having t-values more than 1.75 were included in the final scale. Thus the final attitude scale consisted of 18 items. The scale was found to be highly reliable with the reliable coefficient of 0.835.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Factors Affecting the Adoption of Hybrid Rice Cultivation in Jammu District
Abstract:

Rice (Oryza sativa) is the staple food of about 65% of Indian population. Its production and productivity has increased with the development of dwarf and input responsive varieties. Hybrid rice can be one of the drivers for accelerating the rice production and productivity to meet the growing consumption requirement of ever increasing population. Various factors affect the adoption of a new technology such as its attributes which includes relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability and observability. Keeping in view the importance of hybrid varieties of rice in increasing the overall production a research pursuit was undertaken with 70 rice farmers and this paper access the present status of adoption of hybrid rice cultivation in Jammu district. The results show that relative advantage which augmented the adoption of hybrid rice cultivation as reported by the respondent farmers was higher yield (100%), non-lodging (80%) & high fertiliser responsive (85%) respectively and major constraints reported by farmers were threshing problem and less market price.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Varietal Pattern Followed by the Vegetable Growers of Sub-Tropical Jammu Region
Abstract:

The present study was conducted to assess the varietal pattern followed by the vegetable growers of Sub-tropical Jammu region. Three districts namely Jammu, Samba and Kathua were selected for present study. The results revealed that none of the vegetable farmer in selected villages of Jammu district adopted university recommended varieties namely, Pusa Katki, Pusa Deepali, Gaint Snow Ball, Pusa Synthetic, Snow Ball-16 and Pusa Snow Ball K-1. Whereas, 14.3 per cent the farmers of Samba and Kathua districts were using Snowball-16 variety. Thus, it is suggested that the extension agencies have to play their role in guiding the farmers about the recommended package of practice. Thus, it is strongly recommended that more number of awareness camps should be organized in those areas where farmers are growing vegetables to acquaint them with latest know how.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Effectiveness of Skill Development Training on Textile Embellishment
Abstract:

In the present study an attempt was made to develop skills in textile embellishment emphasizing on tie and dye technique among rural women. Training on tie and dye was imparted to 30 adolescent girls and women of Jhadol village of Rajasthan. Previous knowledge and post training knowledge was assessed and compared to find the effectiveness of the training. Data was collected by using interview technique and analyzed by using frequency, percentage, mean and t-test. Findings show that training on tie and dye proved very effective in terms of knowledge gained and skill development of the respondents.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Status of Legal Reforms in Agricultural Marketing
Abstract:

Appropriate laws are essential to any national agricultural marketing system. An inappropriate legal framework can distort and reduce the efficiency of the market, increase the cost to the participants and severely stunt the development of a healthy private sector. Despite this, programs to reform agricultural marketing systems have often been based on an inadequate understanding of the relationship between law and the way in which marketing systems function. The purpose of this article is to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of domestic agricultural marketing by providing policy and law-makers with the necessary theoretical framework, practical tools and guidance. Marketing of agricultural products in India is governed by the state level statutory bodies – the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committees (“APMC”) established under the Agricultural Produce Marketing Acts which has been enacted by a majority of states in India.