International Journal of Peace ,Education and Development
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Role of Technological Gadget on the Tribal Culture and Education with Special Reference to the Attitude and Usage of Mobile Phone by IGNOU B.Ed Students of Mizoram
Abstract:
Information and Communication Technology offers great opportunity to raise educational standards and qualities. It is believed that ICTs can empower teachers and learners by facilitating communication and interaction, offering new modes of delivery, and generally transforming teaching and learning processes Digital learning is any instructional practice that effectively uses technology to strengthen a student’s learning experience. It can provide a more individualized approach to teaching and help more students reach their full potential. Mobile phones as a symbol of electronic century and digital world has spared worldwide especially in youth. Mobile devices are used in a variety of teaching and learning environments. The concept of mobile learning (m-Learning) – understood for the purposes of this article as learning facilitated by mobile devices – is gaining traction in the developing world. Through mobile phone, teacher can communicate and impart knowledge to the students. Geographically, the Northeast is a compact unit covering an area of 2, 550, 825 Sq. Km. The region has a high concentration of tribal population. Each tribe has its own distinct tradition of art, language, culture, dance, music and life styles. The State of Mizoram is one of the eight states of the North East in which there is imbalance in educational development in the state. Inequalities in access to education continue to pose major barriers, and the delivery of cost-effective and quality education remains a persistent problem. The present study was conducted among IGNOU B. Ed Students of Mizoram to find out the ICT tools for teachers and general attitude and usage of mobile phoneusing the descriptive survey techniques. The subjects are further differentiated into four categories namely Post graduate rural, urban and graduate rural, urban student teachers. From the study, it is found out that urban teachers utilize mobile phone and its features more effectively than the rural teachers for educational purpose as well as day to day life.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Library & Information Science Student’s perception on Digital Library
Abstract:
Rapid advances in information technologies have revolutionized the role of libraries. As a result, libraries face new challenges, competitors, demands and expectations. Libraries are redesigning services and information products to add value to their services and to satisfy the changing information needs of the user community. Traditional libraries are still handling largely printed materials that are expensive and bulky. Information seekers are no longer satisfied with only printed materials. They want to supplement the printed information with more dynamic electronic resources. Demands for digital information are increasing. The present study aims to find out the perception of library & information science students of Mizoram University on digital library. Findings show a positive perception by majority of the students
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Impact of Social Media on Tribal Youth
Abstract:
Present paper focuses on Impact of social media on tribal youth through Digital India programme and impact on tribal culture and education with special reference to north east India. India has grown in its size of population, diversity and also positively in the field of information and communication technology. This is significant because information and social awareness have emerged as important factors of human empowerment. Social media has generated new dimension for tribal youth to learn and access to knowledge and skill development is completely new, and in some way tribal youth benefit more than adults because of their familiarity with new media and their openness to applying it as a learning reservoir. Since social media offers lot of interesting ways of learning anything, anywhere, anytime, the tribal youth learners are quite comfortable with the options available to them for learning as compared to the traditional educational transaction. But surprisingly, the reach of telecommunication and level of connectivity across the north east region is limited, especially in comparison to the rest of India. Thus the tribal clusters need dedicated focus on digital skill and literacy. Social media provides open line of communication builds new understandings and collaborations for tribal youth of north east India from very different cultures. Social media has become a huge platform for the tribal youth of north east India to present their talents to the rest of the world.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
The Social Issues of Tribes and Role of Mass Media
Abstract:
A tribe is viewed, developmentally or historically, as a social group existing before the development of, or outside, states.A tribe is a group of distinct people, dependent on their land for their livelihood, who are largely self-sufficient, a nd not integrated into the national society. It is perhaps the term most readily understood and used by the general public. This paper investigates the issues and challenges among the tribes and impact of mass media in India in terms of standard of living, education and other socio-demographic indicators. In this investigates the maternal health care practices, health condition, education and unemployment among the tribal women in comparison to the tribal women. Education as a means of advancement of capacity, well being and opportunity is uncontested and more so among communities on the periphery. Low literacy rates in tribal communities continue to indicate a need for overarching support that tactless issues from health, education and unemployment of non-tribal population. Education is essential for the human society to enable it to take up their due place in the social, economic and cultural life of modern India. But, even today education is far away from tribal life. As early as in the 18th century the missionaries came to India and began to spread their religious message. For that, they established education and health centers in the tribal areas. The isolationist policy of the colonial government encouraged Christian Missionaries activity in the tribal areas, Christian Missionaries, through their sustained work, introduced various social and educational reform measures in the tribal areas. The traditional folk media is the indigenous equivalent of exogenous mass media and facilitates change and progress in tribal societies by communicating socio-economic change. Traditional media is found in the expression of their daily
Category - Research Article
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Title:
An analysis of Teacher Trainees’ Attitude towards ICT in Education and their Perception of Computer Attributes in Mizoram
Abstract:
Teacher training is an important activity as the result affects the quality of teaching. Quality teaching has the abilityto change the whole nation in a positive way. With the advent of computers and allied technology, there is even  more opportunity for teacher education to grow and improve. But in order to make use of this technology, teachers themselves have to be acquainted with and be able to deal with it. The present study was undertaken so as to find out the extent of teacher trainees’ understanding of digital technology. For this, two teacher training institutes were selected, Aizawl and Sechhip DIETS to be exact. It was found that teacher trainees had a rather low competence towards technology. It was also found that those who had low competence also had a negative attitude towards technology
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Open Learning in Mizoram: Challenges and Prospects in a Digital World
Abstract:
Open learning in India has become quite popular especially after the subsequent development following the NationalPolicy of Education, 1985, which proposed the initiation of an Open University in India. Today, Open learning  has benefitted thousands of job seekers as well as those that simply desire to have higher qualification. There are a number of regional centres that caters to the needs of each region. Mizoram has also had its own regional centre since the year 2000 that looks after 9 study centres. With the current switch over from paper to digital communication, there are various speculations regarding how this will ultimately affect open learning, especially in a remote area like Mizoram where digitisation is still very much a novelty. The present paper has tried to give a brief history of open education in India and Mizoram and at the same time speculate how a digital communication system will benefit or harm open learning in the state of Mizoram.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Information and Communication Technology in Teacher Education: Prospects and Challenges
Abstract:
This paper outlines challenges that today’s teacher education is facing. Information and communication technology holds a central position in today’s society posing also demands for today’s schools and teachers. The ICT revolution has influenced almost every aspect of human being including education. Teacher need to move with the times. For this the training of teacher in ICT skills is must. The role of ICT tools in education should be more emphasized despite the heavy investment on ICT infrastructure, equipment and professional development for improved education. However, the adoption of ICT and its integration in teaching and learning have met challenges. Here, the need, approaches, challenges of ICT in teacher education are discussed with the changing roles of teacher.