Renu Publishers

Agro Economist- An International Journal
Category - Research Article
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Title:
A Study of Risk Factors Associated with Crop Shift in District Hamirpur of Uttar Pradesh
Abstract:

Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh characterized as semi arid climate, undulating topography, residual and low depth of soil with annual rainfall of 800 mm and well suited for rabi pulses while farmers of this region prefer to grow wheat crops from last few years. The increasing preference regarding growing area of wheat reduces the area and production of pulses. Several factors are working behind this changing scenario. On this background a study related to risk factors associated to area shift from pulses to wheat in Hamirpur district was plan. The samples were collected from four blocks and 200 respondents were randomly identified for the same. The findings of study show that the risk involved in pulse production too much as compare to wheat in this district. Several biotic and abiotic stresses as perceived by farmers showed that rabi crops may be damage up to 71 percent from biotic stress as compare to 96% from abiotic stress. Among all main rabi crops grown in the district Hamirpur wheat was less affected form biotic and abiotic stresses and this was the main cause of area shift from rabi pulses to wheat.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Adoption of Improved Goat keeping Practices in Jalaun District of U.P.
Abstract:

Goat rearing is the traditional means of sustaining income, employment and family health among rural poorers. Now days goat rearing is emerge as a beneficial business among farmers. The goats are mostly rear in rainfed and undulated areas of country. Among these areas Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh and their district Jalaun is best suited for goat rearing due to their geographical situation. On this background a study regarding ground realities of goat keepers and goat keeping practices was plan during 2014. For this purpose Jalaun district was purposively selected and datas were collected form 120 goat keepers. The findings of the study show that majority of the goat keepers belong to backward class group. The literacy level was found high with average land holding 1.62 h. Goat rearing contribute about 20 percent contribution in total family income. The flock size was about 18 goats among marginal farmers which was just double from small, medium farmers group. The goat keepers having medium adoption level regarding improved practices of goat rearing. Goat keepers were poor in adopting health care hygiene and breeding related knowledge. The association between extent of adoption and attributes of goat keepers were found independent to each other.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Analysis of Rice Farming Competitiveness in Cote d’Ivoire: An application of Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM)
Abstract:

The aim of this study is to determine the improvement factors ofrice farming sector’s competitiveness in Côte d’Ivoire. The Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) methodology was used to determine the Competiveness basedon one hand on a sample of rice farmer’s areas and on the other hand on the consolidation of data relative to rice farming issues. As a whole, 190 actors have been chosen at random in four municipalities in the regions of Agneby-Tiassa and Lôh-Djiboua which are:Tassalé, N’douci, Divo, Sikensi. These actors were distributed as follows: 100 farmers, 40 processors, and 50 traders. The basic data have been collected through a structuredquestionnary phase, per category of actor. The second part of data has been especially collected from Technicalservices of the agriculturalministry, research offices and supervision. From the results, it emergesthat the domestic rice sector is competitive. This sector is financially and economically profitable. However, itis slightly protected. Even so, any policy which aims at improving rice production in Côte d’Ivoire requires an implementation of a powerful agricultural system through a best stratification of rice farming sector in order to improve thecompetitiveness of domestic rice farming which is facing the imported rice.

Category - Review Article
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Title:
Back Yard Poultry Production in Mahoba: A Socio-Economic Analysis
Abstract:

Almost every household keeps semi-intensive back yard poultry production in the backyard as a tradition, both for food and for the generation of additional income in mahoba. Recent studies have shown that improving husbandry and management practices on the house can increase the return of the back yard poultry farmer significantly. A survey was carried out on households with back yard poultry on the social and economic importance of back yard poultry production on the mahoba in 2012. Results showed that on an average, the back yard poultry farmer was 45 years of age, 33% were illiterate, 36% of the farmers were women, and the family consisted of 5.5 members. Besides their main occupation, animal husbandry was the main side activity of 61% of the households. 78% of the respondents reared chickens firstly for income, 11% for home consumption, 7% for cultural reasons, and 4% simply for game. The profit obtained from the sale of chickens and eggs, and the monetary value of sale and home consumption of these commodities represented 14% and 21% of the total income of the family, respectively. 62% of the households wished to expand back yard poultry production as they found this system of production more profitable than the rearing improved commercial broilers and layers. All the poultry sellers who marketed the back yard poultry found their business profitable, and wished to expand it. They priced the birds by their appearance, offered ` 85/ kg live weight, and sold them at ` 110/kg live weight to consumers in Mahoba. Back yard poultry had a guaranteed market, especially for being free intensive birds, and for their rustic taste

Category - Review Article
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Title:
Identifying Socio-Economic Features of Fish Farmers
Abstract:

A study of the socioeconomic conditions is a prerequisite for the suitable design and successful implementation of any project, training, demonstration or Governments’ developmental programmes. The present study was conducted to assess the socioeconomic characteristics namely education, employment, income levels from aquaculture and other farm and nonfarm activities of fish farmers of Jammu district, along with status of fish farming and livelihood of fish farmer. The numbers of fish farmers have been increasing due to awareness, fish demand and market price and different encouraging Govt. schemes. Data were collected with the help of well-structured questionnaire from the selected farmers of district Jammu was selected purposively for the study. The findings of the study showed that the majority of fish farmers are in middle age group, education up to middle level, medium family size with sufficient experience in aquaculture. They have medium level of social participation, smaller pond size with single ownership and low level of family income. These socio-economic characteristics of fish farmers must be taken into consideration while formulating, designing and implementing developmental programmes.

Category - Review Article
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Title:
Management practices in Broiler Farming: A study of farms around Jammu city of Jammu & Kashmir State
Abstract:

A study has been conducted to observe the management practices adopted by broiler growers in Jammu district of Jammu & Kashmir state in the year 2014. The growers were categorized into three groups on the basis of number of birds namely; growers with less than 500 birds, 501-1000 birds and more than 1000 birds. The data from 60 growers were collected by selecting randomly 20 growers from each category. The socio-economic and management characteristics of broiler farms have been studied for each category which include family composition, educational status, occupational status, investment pattern, distance from input and output markets, training and experience of growers, system of housing, feeding, water, power etc. and the marketing channels adopted for sale of broilers.

Category - Review Article
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Title:
Marketing costs and Price Spread Analysis for Citrus in Samba district of Jammu region
Abstract:
The present study made a detailed analysis of citrus fruit by studying its marketing costs and price spread which is the important researchable issue for the said crop in Samba district. The marketing chain of three types mainly Producer ? Forwarding/ Commission agent ? Retailer ? Consumer, Producer ? Retailer ? Consumer and Producer Consumer were followed in the sample area. The average per quintal marketing cost at producers’ level varied to the extent of ` 438.65, ` 264.00 and ` 226.67 per quintal  fchannel I, II and III, respectively. The average per quintal marketing cost borne by the retailer was found to be ` 30.95 and ` 19.40 in channel I and II, respectively whereas in channel III whole of the marketing cost i.e., ` 226.67 was borne by the producer as there was the direct marketing of produce. As far as the price spread analysis is concerned, the per quintal net price received by the producer was about ` 945.90, ` 1036.00 and ` 1073.33 which was about 44.00 per cent, 51.29 per cent and 82.56 per cent of the price paid by the consumer for channel I, II and III, respectively. A comparison of different channels thus showed that producers’ share in the consumers’ rupee was the highest in case of channel III as compared to other channels. Where in the consumer also paid the lowest price i.e., ` 1300.00 per quintal in channel III as compared to ` 2150.00 per quintal and ` 2020.00 per quintal in channel I and II, respectively which revealed that direct sale from producer to ultimate consumer was beneficial for both producer and consumer. The channel-III with marketing efficiency 4.74 was most efficient followed by Channel-II (1.05) and channel-I (0.79).
Category - Review Article
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Title:
Strawberry Production for diversifying Agricultural Income: A Succcess Story from Samba district of J&K
Abstract:

This paper highlights the success story of Mr. Sham Singh, a commercial farmer who has been successfully integrated into the main stream economy through production and marketing of Strawberry along with vegetable and fruit production. This case study provides an insight of establishment of farming business and the road map he used in pursing his dream of becoming a commercial producer of strawberry, mango and vegetable production. The report highlights the lessons learned in the production, diversification, competitive and marketing strategies and how Sham Singh designed his farming operation to maximize the annual income from farming. The report ends with challenges that he is encountering and how he plans to address them. This success story will provide information that will be helpful for upcoming strawberry entrepreneurs.

Category - Review Article
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Title:
Assessment of Ideal Crop Geometry for Yield Improvement of French Bean during Rabi Season under Irrigated Medium Land Situation of Birbhum District
Abstract:

Cultivation of French bean is limited in the State of West Bengal and less work has been done on the cultivation aspects of French Bean. Therefore, it is the right time to give more emphasis on the evaluation of Plant Spacing and Plant Density for growth performance, yield potential and quality improvement. But, there is hardly any precise and conclusive information available on the on various physiological processes and productivity potential in French bean. Hence, the present investigation was carried out to study the effect of different Plant spacing and plant density i.e. the Crop Geometry on the Growth and yield parameters of French Bean. From the present investigation, it has been found out that less Plant population, wider Plant Spacing and less Plant density give a poorer yield of French Bean Green Pods. From the present Experiment, it can be noted that a Plant Spacing of 30 X 15 cm of the French Bean plants i.e. a plant Density of 22 Plants of French Bean per Square Meter may give an optimum Yield and Profit.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Impact of India Economic Policies on Cotton Production vis-à-vis Comparison between Pre-Economic Liberalization Policy Period and Economic Liberalization Policy Period
Abstract:

Cotton, textiles, and apparel are critical agricultural and industrial sectors in India with a significant role in the growth and development of the economy directly and indirectly given its prime position as a cash crop and export commodity. This study examined the impact of India economic policies in cotton production keeping in view the pre-liberalization policy period (1980-1989) and the economic liberalization policy period (1990-2014), viz investigation of the pattern of growth rate that marked the two critical and distinct policy in the economy of this crucial sector in India. The essence is to examine the key developments that emerged domestically and internationally during these two policy periods and the challenges and opportunities the sector faced. The empirical results showed that the sector witnessed excellent boost and performance during the period of economic liberalization as compared to what was seen during the pre-liberalization period where virtually all the key indicators that influence the performance of the sector exhibited stagnation in growth status. Excellent performance witnessed during the liberalization period is largely attributed to effective introduction of technological packages, sound economical and political policies. The impressive marginal trends in cotton production during the liberalization period was stemmed by the structural deregulation of the economy and was sustained of a very long period given that all the key indicators stimulating growth and development indicated marked acceleration growth status., while dismal marginal trend observed during the pre-liberalization period was stemmed by protectionism policy of the economy. The study recommends the need for further investments in human resource development to improve industry productivity and reduce poverty among workers in these sectors, the emergence of modern domestic retail marketing chains, and the potentially vibrant prospects for the industry that arise from a growing domestic fabric demand and new opportunities in world markets if appropriate policies and investments are undertaken. Furthermore, expansion of area currently under cotton cultivation in view adequate check on food crops to forestall danger of food security, biodiversity, agricultural crops cycle of the country in addition to agricultural extension, market liberalization, strengthening of research and networking, technology development and transfer, effective and efficient input delivery system to the farmers and guaranteed output markets is also recommended

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Evaluating the Performance of Co-operatives Societies in Jammu Division of Jammu and Kashmir
Abstract:

Co-operatives play active role in the provision of basic amenities and social services to boost the life of rural populace. In general co-operative societies are an appropriate avenue for rural development. Cooperative societies are much more important for the farmers of Jammu also. The number of cooperative societies in Jammu division increases from 597 in the year 1996-97 to 832 in the year 2012-13 with a membership of 2.42 lakhs in 2012-13. As far as the number of primary agricultural credit societies is concerned it increases from 366 in 1996-97 to 372 in 2012-13 which no doubt shows an increasing trend but of 1.64 per cent only. Amount of loans advanced from the agricultural credit societies to farmer increases from `1017.80 lakhs in 2002-03 to `1109.10 lakhs in 2009-10 with a frequent variation during the period. The number of cooperative marketing societies does not show much increase in the number but membership increases from 0.11 lakhs during the year 1996-97 to 0.14 lakhs during the year 2012-13. Maximum percentage change in marketing societies in owned funds with respect to previous year is observed in the year 2003-04. The working capital was found to be maximum (` 2226.30 lakhs) in 1996-97 but after that there was a sharp decline in it and it decreases to `533.23 lakhs in 2002-03. Fruit growers cooperative marketing societies are also functional in Jammu and numbers are increasing with the passage of time. Therefore the performance of cooperative societies is supposed to be evaluate and moreover these has shown not best but also not bad performance in the growth and development.