Renu Publishers

Agro Economist- An International Journal
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Cost Structure and Magnitude of Profit in Wheat Cultivation
Abstract:
Wheat is the second most important food grain crop after rice in India on area and production. Uttar Pradesh occupies the first position in wheat production in India. Wheat plays a vital role in the agricultural economy of the state and is a staple commodity in the diet of the people. Etah district is situated in the north-east of the Agra and bounded by Aligarh and Mainpuri districts. A two-stage stratified random sampling was used in the study for the selection of villages and wheat farmers. The findings of the research indicated that in cost A1, the expenditure on manures and fertilizers was highest in all farm categories. The overall percentage of cost A1 in total cost was 51.12 per cent. The imputed value of family labor was highest for marginal followed by small and large farm category. The total cost on an overall basis was ` 21763.29 per hectare. Both gross return and net return were highest for large farm group. The return per rupee was ` 1.191, ` 1.208,
` 1.258 and ` 1.214 on the limited, small, large and overall basis.
Category - Research Article
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Title:
Impact of Herbal Antioxidant Supplementation on Growth Performance of Broiler
Abstract:

The present experiment was conducted on a study the effect of herbal antioxidant supplementation Satawari on the performance of broiler chicks. The experimentwas conducted atUniversity poultry farm. Day old chicks were selected from university hatchery and divided into 3 groups G1, G2, and G3 each group was 15 chicks. The chicks of group first were served as control group, while G2, G3 were control received herbal antioxidant supplementation and combination of herbal antioxidant supplementation of Satawari. The effect of the treatment on the performance of broiler chicks was studied up to 6 week of age. Following parameters were observed and the data were statistically’ analyzed. From present investigation, it was concluded that Application of herbal antioxidant supplementation Satawari in the diet of broiler chicks improved the growth rate but did not show any effect of consumption. It was also concluded that the herbal antioxidant supplementation benefit for day old chick’s. Satawari (2%) were found is best as compared to Satawari (1%).

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Impact of Self-help Groups on Improvement of Livestock Resources of Farmers
Abstract:

Keeping in view the impact of SHGs on generating of additional income and employment opportunities, a micro level field study in Mahewa and Chakarnagar blocks of Etawah district was conducted during the year 2005-06 by personal visits to SHGs and the selected members. For assessing the impact of SHGs on improvement of livestock resources of member farmers, out of the total 634 members of the 54 studied SHGs, 95 members were selected randomly. It was found that the number of all type of animals such as she buffalo, cow, goat, he-buffalo and calves/heifers/kids has increased from pre stage to post stage i.e., from 1.03 to 2.11, from 0 to 0.70, from 1.08 to 3.08, from 0 to 0.43 and from 2.05 to 4.22, respectively in case of linked SHGs. The increase in the number of animals particularly she-buffalo, cow and goat is due to loan obtained by the households of linked SHGs, categories from where as the households of non-linked SHGs did not avail of this facility.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Economics of Milk Production Among Dairy Farmers (Gujjars) in Intermediate Zones of Jammu Region of J&K State
Abstract:

The study was undertaken in two intermediate zone districts namely Rajouri and Poonch of Jammu region. About 100 household was studied in different districts of Jammu region. Cobb-Douglas production function was used to study input-output relationship. Inputs like green fodder and concentrates had significant impact on milk production in both the districts. Further t statistic revealed that difference between MVP of green fodder and concentrate and its unit price was lower and significant in both district, which means that additional rupee spent on feeding of the these inputs to milking animal can increase the gross return.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Factors Affecting Adoption of KAU Rice Varieties: An Econometric Analysis
Abstract:

Being a major food crop, rice is consumed by more than 60 percent people on the world over. So, cultivation of rice depends on the choice of farmer based on its profitability. A study was conducted to assess the relative profitability and the factors affecting adoption of KAUvarieties (Jyothi and Uma) in comparison with local non-KAU varieties (MAHAMAYA and TKM 9) under Palakkad and Alappuzha districts areas of Kerala. Cost concepts and probit model were used to analyse the data. The average cost of cultivation (Cost C2) of KAU varieties was found to be lower in Palakkad and Alappuzha districts (?73,213 and 81,915 ha–1 respectively) compared to non-KAU varieties (?83,634 and 94,526 ha–1 respectively). The gross and net income of KAU varieties were also found to be higher in Palakkad and Alappuzha compared to non KAU varieties. Organizational membership and an annual income of the farmers were identified as major factors affecting the adoption of KAU varieties.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
A Study on Knowledge Level and Constraints Faced by the Paddy Growers of Jammu District of J&K State
Abstract:

This study was conducted in Jammu district of J&K state wherein two blocks viz., R. S. Pura and Marh were selected. A sample of 240 respondents was considered. The study was undertaken to ascertain the knowledge level of paddy growers regarding new technology and constraints responsible for low adoption of seed technology in the selected belt. This study clearly established that majority of the sample farmers have possessed ‘fair’ and ‘good’ knowledge with respect to new paddy production technology. Jammu district has a sub tropical climate with hot and dry climate in summer and cold climate in winter. Being in the foothills of the mountains, nights are generally cooler than what they are in the neighboring areas of Punjab. Minimum and Maximum temperature is around 4 Degree Celsius and 47 Degree Celsius respectively. Rainy season usually starts from the end of June or the beginning of July. Average rainfall in the district is about 1246 mm. Rice cultivation is the main source of livelihood for rural populations living in developing countries. Achieving self-sufficiency in rice production and maintaining price stability are important objectives in low-income countries.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Assessment of Nutritive Value of Rabri
Abstract:

The study of assessment of nutritive value of Rabri the experiment was conducted in the department of A.H. & Dairying laboratory. Over all Moisture, fat, protein, lactose, sugar, ash contents were recorded to be 40.34, 9.22, 10.73, 15.53, 21.49 and 2.86 respectively irrespective of different fat and sugar levels, whereas these values ranged from 34.59-46.45%, 3.50-13.75%, 9.04-12.08%, 14.88-15.89%, 14.15-27.24% and 2.32-3.40% respectively due to different fat and sugar levels on account of 5,7 and 9 per cent of sugar levels different constituents of rabri were found to be 43.70, 39.76 and 37.58 per cent moisture, 10.08,9.42 and 8.16 per cent fat, 11.66,11.01 and 9.52 per cent protein, 15.44,15.36 and 15.80 per cent lactose, 15.23,22.21and 27.04 per cent Sugar, 2.73,2.87 and 3.00 per cent ash on account of 1.5,3.0 and 4.5 per cent of fat levels different constituents of rabri were found to be 43.93,39.52 and 37.58 per cent moisture, 4.66,10.25 and 12.75 per cent fat, 10.94,10.36 and 10.89 per cent protein, 15.75,14.95 and 15.91 per cent lactose, 21.80,20.60 and 22.06 per cent Sugar, 3.35,2.66 and 2.59 per cent ash content, respectively. The effect of different fat and sugar levels were found to be significant at 1% on Moisture, fat, protein, lactose, sugar, ash content of rabri.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Effect of Superliv Feed Supplement on Growth Performance and Haemato-Biochemical Parameters of Broiler
Abstract:

Superliv an herbal product is a useful growth promoter for the broiler due to its effect as a lever tonic. An experiment was carried out on 60 day old broiler chicks which were divided randomly into four groups of 15 chicks in each group. The birds of group G1 were taken as control while group G2, G3 and G4 were received 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 per cent of Superliv, respectively. Feeding trials were conducted for 5 weeks. The weekly body weight (gms) per broiler chicks up to fifth week of age is weighed is 1036.66 +83.20, 1075.33+54.49, 1130.00 +67.11 and 11.43.33 + 46.54, respectively, The hemoglobin was 10.25±0.37, 10.60±0.37, 10.75±0.37 and 11.20±0.37 g/100ml, Haematocrit value was 28.90+0.75, 30.65+0.75, 30.90+0.75 and 31.80+0.37 per cent, PCV were 28.75+0.75, 29.60+0.75, 30.45+0.75 and 31.75+0.75%, TLC was 28.15+0.81, 27.51+0.75, 27.73 and 28.85+0.37thousand/cumm, Eosionophills was 2.05+0.01, 1.95+0.03, 185+0.01 and 2.15+0.05%, Neutrophils were 17.81+0.75, 18.20+0.37, 18.74+0.37 and 19.43 + 0.37%, Lymphocyte was 67.70 +1.13, 69.35+ 0.75, 70.65+0.75 and 71.95 + 0.37%, Monocyte was 4.85+0.15, 5.25+0.09, 5.55+0.11 and 5.90+0.70%, Basophils were 1.80+0.03, 1.90+0.03, 1.98+0.03 and 1.94+0.03%, R.B.C. was 2.70+0.07, 2.84+0.07, 3.12+0.04 and3.21+0.07 million/cumm, W.B.C was 25.24+0.37, 26.32+0.37, 28.48 +0.75 and 30.62+0.75 thousand/cumm, Total serum protein was 6.45+0.17, 6.80+0.15, 7.00+0.15 and 7.40+0.15g/100ml, Cholesterol were 252.00+3.77, 245.00+3.77, 208.00+3.02 and 220.00+3.77 mg/100ml, Glucose was 245.65+3.77, 189+4.00, 240.00+3.77 and 210.38 +3.92 mg/ 100, serum calcium was 22.95+0.75, 24.45+0.75, 24.40+1.19 and 27.10+0.79 mg/100, Serum phosphors was 8.50+0.18, 9.62+0.23, 9.75+0.28 and 10.78+0.37 mg/100 in group I, II, III and IV, respectively. The superliv feed supplement at 0.3 per cent level was beneficial in broiler chick ration. It increased the body weight and also helpful in increasing hemoglobin, total serum protein, W.B.C., Ca, P and in decreasing the cholesterol levels in blood.