Renu Publishers

International Journal of Peace ,Education and Development
Category - Research Article
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Title:
From the lens of popular magazines to academic journals: A review of Thoreau’s Life And His Civil Disobedience
Abstract:

While Thoreau represents a great intellectual point of reference in today’s political theories, this has never been always the same. The popular magazines during Thoreau’s lifetime wrote a different view about him. This paper focuses on the life of Thoreau in the course of history. How he was received during his time in some popular magazines such as The Sun and The New York Times, and how some contemporary scholars such as Henry Salt saw his work. The paper will then focus on current trends in the works of Thoreau. How scholars like Leigh Kathryn Jenco and Jack Turner see Thoreau today, and how far he has influenced the American society. The subject of criticism is a spotlight on Thoreau’s work, “Civil Disobedience”.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Comparative Study of H.S.L.C Examination Result Between Private and Government Schools
Abstract:

This paper analyses students’ High School Leaving Certificate result between the private and government schools from the year 2005 till 2013 and investigate major factor(s) responsible for poor performance in the government school result. For collecting information on teaching-learning process a sample made up of 120 teachers and 70 administrators from 70 schools randomly selected from all the 11 districts of the state of Nagaland. Data were analyzed using simple percentages, mean percent, SD and variance and Z-test. Result analysis has been done on the basis of private and government schools; boys and girls; district wise and interview has been conducted among teachers and administrators. Results showed that pupils in the private schools performed better than the government schools. Private schools’ management system, teaching-learning process, evaluation procedures are found to be better than government schools. Therefore, it is necessary to bring improvement in government schools through constant automated monitoring system for which a Continuous and Comprehensive Management System (CCMS) model is forwarded. The CCMS will efface human manipulation and enhance efficiency in the administrative system through modern technology catering students, parents, schools, VEC, DEO/SDEO, School Directorate; a consistent automated monitoring system is urgent to restore better educational environment in government schools.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Human Rights and Status of Minorities in Uttar Pradesh: the Role of the State in Secular Perspective
Abstract:

The Minorities Castes are facing many problems, all fields like as education, jobs, property, religion, marriage, etc. Indian Constitutions is describing about rights of minorities, they are free to do everything according to their will. But at the time of BJP government, they have no rights and choice with the problem of caste, rituals, orthodoxy and social evils. The Minorities as treated as slave but States are calming is that his philosophy is based upon the secular but in practical conditions is totally different in Uttar Pradesh across India. So some Indian is trying to uplift the position of Minorities with whom few nationalist, modernist, traditionalists.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Evaluation on Critical Indicators of Primary Education in Andhra Pradesh: A Decentralized Approach for Universal Education
Abstract:

Primary education is a key for any government to bring social change particularly in the tribes and interior rural communities. Andhra Pradesh has demonstrated considerable progress in the past decade on primary schools access. The performance of school education has also seen number of achievements but with the compromised nature at key indicators in primary education. An attempt has made for reviewing the critical indicators of primary education in the newly formed state aiming at enrollment, dropout ratio, habitations without schools, toilets and drinking water facilities in rural and tribal areas of AP. The findings from this research are however, not being reflected in the current policy priorities of the state. This paper seeks to bridge the gap by summarizing the two reports namely AP Book let, by the Planning Department, Government of AP and Annual Status of Education Report, India, making policy recommendations, and suggesting an implementation roadmap as to focus on the key indicators, decentralized models and community social responsibility for achieving the universal education. On the other hand, innovations and best practices are also highlighted with possible policy implications.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
A Culture of Teaching Peace
Abstract:

Peace is a dynamic process of nonviolent social interaction   that results in security for all members of a society. Peace is not a subject matter taught in many schools.Teaching peace focuses on the content of classroom instruction, i.e. the lesson plans, reading material and discussions which relay valuable information about great peacemakers, various nonviolent tactics and strategies for creating positive change and the various resources - the organizations and individuals - who currently employ the methodology of peacemaking.

Category - Research Article
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Title:
Values Clarification: A Strategy for Nurturing Values
Abstract:

The word value is derived from the Latin word “Valerie”. This means “to be strong and vigorous”. The word “values” was used by a German Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche in 1880. Nietzsche used this word in plural form to ‘denote beliefs and attitudes what were personal and subjective’.John Dewey in 1948 said “The value means primarily to prize, to esteem, to appraise and to estimate. It means the act of cherishing something, holding it dear and also the act of passing judgement upon the nature and amounts of values as compared with something else.”There are different types of values like personal values, social values, moral values, cultural values etc. The values mentioned in the list compiled by NCERT and given in Appendix III of “ Documents on Social , Moral and Spiritual Values in Education” (1979) include cooperation, compassion, courtesy etc. There are different viewpoints on whether values should be taught as a separate subject or incorporated in the formal and informal teaching itself. Some believe that values are caught as well as taught while some say that values are caught not taught. Thus there are different strategies to inculcate values in students. These strategies include Role Playing, Case Study Strategy, Values Clarification etc.Values Clarification approach was promoted by L.S. Raths, M.F. Harmin and S.B. Simon. It is an innovative strategy in which individuals are motivated to reflect upon the different values and accept only those values that they actually feel are relevant for them. Every person needs to introspect and clarify the values that they cherish personally without blindly following the values told by others to be important.