Renu Publishers

International Journal of Peace ,Education and Development
Category - Editorial
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Title:
Inclusive Education-implication for Teacher Education
Abstract:

Inclusion works best when there is a fundamental change in the approach of classroom management. Inclusion in education recognizes the fact that every child is special in one way on the other. The teacher with such an approach realizes that each child has learning ability at different level. The National knowledge commission (NKC) says that gender equity must be ensured in the educational systems. Stimulation exercises about disability may be fun but they have profound educational value. In order to stimulate disability condition, non-disabled children in the general classrooms may be blind folded for some time, their ears plugged for sometime and they can also be asked to walk using one leg, write without the help of thumb etc. Modification of curricular context and transactional strategies to ensure inclusion. Cooperative learning approach is considered to be an effective teaching. Learning process in the classroom especially when the class has children of different abilities.

Category - Original Article
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Title:
Child Trafficking in India: A Good Governance Perspective
Abstract:

Good governance is a dynamic conception and has several components that qualify it; one such component is protection and promotion of human rights. In this age of human rights (under good governance), child rights constitute one of the vital aspects. But the optimum realisation of child rights in India, has become a distant dream, due to the existence of several evils that act against these rights, one such evil is child trafficking. Although, there are number of initiatives, policies, conventions, laws, protocols and regulations against child trafficking at regional, national and international level, the issue continues to exist and also is on rise. It is assumed that the government and public authorities play a vital role in the elimination of child trafficking through policy formulation and implementation as parts of good governance agenda. But the continuous existence of child trafficking poses serious concerns that are the government and public authorities serious in their implementation of these laws and policies towards curbing child trafficking? Where does the problem lie? Who are entrusted to implement the preventive measures? Why are the enforcement agencies/ public authorities blamed for continued existence of child trafficking in India? Are there problems with so-called policy management? In this background, this paper gives a brief overview of child trafficking in India and an attempt is made to link the existence of child trafficking as a result of lack of good governance. To that end, the scope of this paper has been descriptive and reliance is placed primarily on available books, papers published in journals, documents, and research reports, publications of various organizations, paper clippings, search engines, blogs and corroboration through discussion with experts in the field.

Category - Original Article
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Title:
Impact of ICDS upon the Health and Education of Preschool Tribal Children in Nawrangpur Block of Odisha
Abstract:

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 was the outcome of the consequences of Second World War and was intended to have peace in the world. For having peace in any society, state, nation and world, it is desired that there must be equal opportunity for all and the government welfare service must be delivered rightly to all. Article 16 of Indian Constitution has laid down a general rule that there shall be equal opportunity for all citizens and thus emphasizes on universality of Indian Citizenship. A sizable percent of the total population of India consists of children belonging to the age-group 0-6 years and majority of them live in villages. The health and well being of these children constitute the solid foundation on which the future of our nation depends. There are societies in our country which are well organised and fight for their rights. On the other hand there are people who are ignorant of their rights, as a result, cannot fight for their rights. Scheduled Tribe people, who commonly inhabit in remote areas, often are not aware of the different services being provided by government for their welfare. Integrated Child Development Services is a national flagship programme in our country which is primarily intended to take care of pregnant mothers, lactating mothers, and preschool children. The present study was conducted in a tribal inhabited block of Odisha to reveal the impact of the services upon the health and education of the preschool children. The findings were encouraging but not up to the mark.

Category - Original Article
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Title:
Quality of Teacher Education in West Bengal
Abstract:

The quality and character of our schools largely depends on its teachers. The teachers in turn, strongly reflect the strengths and shortcomings of the colleges that select and provide initial preparation to them. If school must change to meet the challenges of this century, the education of our teachers must change as well. Various committees and commissions stressed the need of a quality teacher education programme from time to time.